Article critique empirical paper research social work
As this study article critique empirical paper research social work was accepted for publication in 2003, most of the studies cited in the review were not current, that is those studies were not published in the last five years of the date when this study was accepted. According to Polit Beck (2008) a directional hypothesis indicates that the researcher has intellectual commitment to the hypothesized outcome, which might result in bias. Research design varies by field and by the question being investigated. Strengths and limitations of the study: Overall, the study is a good effort in examining the impact of group prenatal care on perinatal outcomes. The hypothesis is spelled out clearly and it objectively describes the outcome variables (Polit Back, 2008 that is perinatal outcomes have been quantified and objectively described as birth weight and gestational age.
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However, they may have chosen non experimental study design rather than experimental design to study the impact of group prenatal care in a natural setting, and not in a control study setting. Visit m to see how we can help you! The first reason as described by Ickovics. Get help with your essay today from our professional essay writers! In other words, it describes the research that has not taken place before and their results. Review of Literature, the review of the literature presented by Ickovics., (2003) is comprehensive. Here you should include mistakes you have found in the article, methods you have used and so on; References. First there is development of accounts of how there is provision of information by experience that is cited by rationalists. In this case, Ickovics et al (2003) have got sound literature support, and since group prenatal care is one of the ways to augment the content of prenatal care; therefore, the authors have hypothesized that group prenatal care will. Grand Rapids, MI:. Matched cohort N458 Birth weight (g) 3228 vs 3159 (P.01) Preterm birth weight (g) 2398 vs 1990 (P.05) Grady MA et al (2004).
Women, who voluntarily enrolled themselves in the group prenatal care programme at the clinics, were recruited as participants in the group that received group prenatal care. One of the most popular formatting styles, while completing an article critique is American Psychological Association (APA) format, which has its specific rules and guidelines. The varying perception of empiricism and rationalism shows concern with the limit to which there is dependency on experience of sense as an effort of gaining knowledge. In some of the cases, disagreement at the point of gaining knowledge results in the provision of conflicting responses to other aspects as well. The other inferential statistical test used is paired t-test which is also appropriate for the study as it is used to test differences between the means of two groups that are matched or paired with each other on the basis. Wades repeated use of phrases like outdated, outmoded, and dead technology in the first paragraph all accurately describe the state of text passwords. This section may include only the paper you are analyzing but you shouldnt forget about the formatting style you are going to use. Many students decide to download such samples in order to get an overall idea of how the assignment should look like and what key points should be added. Article Critique Example, article Critique Format, article Critique Samples. However, randomization of subjects at the time of recruitment, employment of research ethics such as voluntary participation and realistic generalization of the findings would have added more strength. Empirical evidence (the record of one's direct observations or experiences) can be analyzed quantitatively or qualitatively. If instrumentation is involved, the researcher is expected to calibrate his/her instrument by applying it to known standard objects and documenting the results before applying it to unknown objects. Cohort study with clinic comparison N124 (intervention) Preterm births 37.5.7 (P.02) 7 Low birth weight 2500.8.9 (P.02) 7 Breastfeeding at hospital discharge 46 vs 28 (P.02) 6 Rising (1998) Descriptive analysis.
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A well formulated hypothesis, relevant and comprehensive literature review, an in depth account of samples characteristics, well thought research design and statistical analysis are strengths of the study. The paper critically analyzes the article Group prenatal care and preterm birth weight: Results from a matched cohort study at public clinics by Ickovics.(2003). The limitation is realistic because the practice was already in place and researchers wanted to observe the outcomes article critique empirical paper research social work in relation to the two different approaches to care. Outside of security, passwords can be a hassle when complexity requirements meet bad memory, Wade argues. If empirical data reach significance under the appropriate statistical formula, the research hypothesis is supported. The matching of the two groups on the basis of these characteristics also reduced the potential sampling bias that could have resulted if the groups wouldve been different in terms of these characteristics and the resulting health behaviors. If things dont continue their upward trajectory, however, Wade says a major password attack may be the only wakeup call some get.
Second, many laptop and even desktop computers come with things like HD video cameras and high-quality microphones integrated into their hardware, making installing new authentication processes quite a bit easier than in the days of driver discs. However, Ickovics et al (2003) could have used an experimental design for this study, if they wanted to determine the cause and effect relationship between the group prenatal care and perinatal outcomes. Theoretical/Conceptual Framework: The study is based on an underlying framework that is the centering pregnancy model. See also edit References edit Goodwin,. The review includes a mix of recent and old studies. Insofar as there is acknowledgement of concepts and knowledge within the area of subject, the knowledge has major dependence on experience through human senses. Order an Exclusive Paper of Top Standard 100 Originality Assured. Testing : The procedures by which the hypotheses are tested and data are collected. As discussed in the sampling section, potential effects of unwanted variables like race, age, parity, city of residence, history of preterm labor, and total number of prenatal visits have been controlled by Ickovics et al (2003) by matching the cohorts. Perhaps the most interesting leg of Wades argument compares the relatively low cost of switching to a biometric solution for the individual, and how article critique empirical paper research social work that cost can skyrocket depending on the number of employees and facilities needing computers. Your paper should be double-spaced, using 1-inch margins and Times New Roman font in 12 point.
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On the next page center the title of your work and start providing necessary details, not forgetting to double space the text. Second, empiricists hold the tendency of attacking the accounts of rationalists while considering reasoning to be an important source of knowledge or concepts. These mistakes may include: Using only negative critique. Ickovics.(2003) believe that more time the pregnant women spent together, the better will be their understanding of the health behaviors, and they will receive more social support from each other. Ickovics et al (2003) had measured the outcome variables of birth weight and gestational age on nominal level.
As a ten-year network security researcher and lecturer, I must say I find. Wade stresses, however, that things are getting better. There is a logical link between the statistical analysis and the findings of the study. My hacker experience pushed me into buying a thumbprint scanner for my home devices. Generally, it is an objective analysis of any piece of work (not depending on its genre which includes your personal thoughts on the subject. The more there is removal of concept from mental operations and experience, there can be performance over experience with increased plausibility in being innate. USA: John Wiley Sons, Inc. Sampling: Ickovics et al (2003) clearly described the population as Black and Hispanic pregnant women of low socioeconomic status, entering prenatal care at 24 or less weeks of gestation. Ickovics et al (2003) have discussed that the findings can be generalized among women who are vulnerable for preterm births. Chosen study is the only one which examined the impact of group versus individual prenatal care on birth weight and gestational age. In practice, the accumulation of evidence for or against any particular theory involves planned research designs for the collection of empirical data, and academic rigor plays a large part of judging the merits of research design. Therefore, researchers were also able to apply non parametric statistic that is McNemar test (Polit Beck, 2008).
Usually, a researcher has a certain theory regarding the topic under investigation. Since words and even phrases are falling to faster processing power, many companies require employees to create what is in essence a line of gibberishand the longer the line, the harder it is to remember. Finally, the paper will end with an overall appraisal of the strength and limitations of the study. Ickovics et al (2003) have article critique empirical paper research social work also comprehensively described the controls that they have utilized to minimize sampling error or sampling bias, that is, they have randomly selected the comparison group through a computer programme on the basis of first available. Only 01 RCT (Ickovics.2007 01 matched cohort study (Ickovics.2003 and 03 pilot studies with descriptive analysis were found (Baldwin, 2006; Grady and Bloom, 1998; Rising, 1998).